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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all around the world and also have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many areas of the world, within the previous ten decades. .
The main reason for the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world traveling with bed bugs being dispersed in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and brought back to the houses of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels worldwide have now banned the usage of travelers own sleeping linen in common accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are usually found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Since the infestation spreads, the bugs proceed to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Because of their color, adult bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but rather tough to see on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident by black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There may be an offensive candy odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes described as buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin cubes may be found near such areas, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and the launch of alarm pheromones can make them very difficult to deal with as bed bugs become awake and quickly vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can propagate into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will nourish and are very likely to harbor in close proximity. In cases like this, new locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some people have little or no reaction to the sting. In others the bite site can become red and intensely itchy. This can occur during the course of the night or may take up to grow.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock may possibly occur in individuals which are highly contagious, but this is very rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common from the ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on a variety of areas on the entire body. Another characteristic is the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed insect causes these rows being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will feed linked here on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they may carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer such diseases to individuals.
Mattress bug eggs' survival is also an issue. It's not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to two weeks and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are made more problematic because of the now smaller size of the newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and handled if also affected.
This can be completed by using adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before substance treatment as it removes all dust and debris from the site of this infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.